This affordability measure has risen significantly over the past decade from 3.2 in 2002 and is well above the long-run average of 3.3. However, it does represent an improvement on June 2011 when the ratio stood at 5.2, reflecting the losses faced by those who bought for the first time at the very top of the market in 2007.
Home affordability for second steppers is also less favourable than for first-time buyers – 4.7 times gross annual average earnings compared with 4.1. This is in contrast to the peak of the housing market in 2007 when second stepper home affordability (at 4.3) was significantly more favourable than for first-time buyers (at 5.5).
The current affordability position for second steppers is similar to much of the 1990s when falling house prices in the first half of the decade and weak house price growth thereafter, adversely affected levels of equity. This made it typically harder for home buyers to move up to the second rung of the housing ladder than it was for first-time buyers to enter the market during most of the decade.
Suren Thiru, housing economist at Lloyds TSB, said: "It is clearly very concerning that the challenges facing those attempting to take their second step on the housing ladder are the toughest for more than a generation. This follows the significant decline in house prices over recent years and the subsequent erosion of equity among those who bought for the first time at close to the peak of the market.
"The current problems facing second steppers have serious implications for the wider housing market, creating a bottleneck that significantly limits the number of homes available to first-time buyers as well as stopping many homeowners who need to move, possibly for family reasons, from doing so."
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